Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
11. What is the total Mission budget?
The total funding requirement estimated for the scheme is Rs.5142.08 crore from 2015-16 to 2019- 20.

12. Does the Mission choose backward rural areas or fast moving rural areas?
  The Mission focuses on creation of Rurban clusters in rural areas which have latent potential for growth, in all States and UTs, including the Tribal districts, over the next 5 years.

13. How are the clusters going to be selected?
The cluster selection process would be done by the Ministry and the States as per the details outlined below. There will be two categories of clusters under NRuM - Non-Tribal and Tribal and the process of selection will vary for each of these categories.

Non-Tribal Clusters: For selection of Non-Tribal clusters, the Ministry would provide a list of leading sub districts to each State, within which the clusters could be identified. The selection of these sub districts by the Ministry would be based on parameters such as (i) Decadal Growth in Rural Population (ii) Decadal Growth in Non-Farm work participation (iii) Presence of Economic Clusters (iv) Presence of places of Tourism and Religious significance and (v) Proximity to Transport Corridors. Appropriate weightages have been given for each parameter. Thereafter, within these sub districts, so identified by the Ministry, the State Governments could select the clusters and while doing so, could include the following performance parameters:

i. Decadal growth in Rural Population.
ii. Rise in Land Values.
ii. Decadal growth in Non-Farm Work force participation.
iv. Percentage Enrollment of girls in secondary schools.
v. Percentage Households with Bank accounts under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana.
vi. Performance in Swacch Bharat Mission (Grameen).
vii. Good Governance Initiatives by Gram Panchayats.

Any other factor which the States may consider relevant may also be included. However, a total weightage of 80% would be given for the first 4 parameters and the States will have the flexibility to choose the last three parameters, subject to a total of 20%. While selecting the Rurban cluster the State may identify a large village/ gram panchayat that are growth centers with resources available in the area and could potentially lead the economic transformation of the region. These growth centers could be block headquarter villages, census towns (under the administration of Gram panchayats). The clusters could then be formed by identifying geographically contiguous villages/ gram panchayats within a radius of 5 – 10 km (or radius appropriate to the population density and geography of the region) around the identified growth center.
Tribal Clusters: For identification of the tribal clusters, the Ministry would select the leading sub districts falling within the top 100 tribal districts of the country, based on the Scheduled Tribes population. The selection of these sub districts would be based on parameters such as (i) Decadal growth in Tribal Population (ii) Current Tribal Literacy Rate (iii) Decadal growth in Non-Farm Work force participation (iv) Decadal growth in Rural Population and (v) Presence of Economic Clusters. Appropriate weightages would be given respectively for each of these parameters while selecting the sub-districts. Thereafter, within these sub districts so identified by the Ministry, the State Governments could select the clusters and while doing so, could include the following performance parameters:

i. Decadal growth in Tribal Population
ii. Growth in Tribal Literacy rates
ii. Decadal growth in Non-Farm Work force participation.
Any other factor which the States may consider relevant may be included in addition to the above three parameters, provided the weightage for the above three parameters is not reduced below 80%.