Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
6. What is a Rurban Cluster?
A 'Rurban cluster', would be a cluster of geographically contiguous villages with a population of about 25000 to 50000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of 5000 to 15000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas. As far as practicable, clusters of village would follow administrative convergence units of Gram Panchayats and shall be within a single block/tehsil for administrative convenience.

7. How will the Rurban Clusters be developed?
  Rurban clusters would be developed by provisioning of training linked to economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and by providing necessary infrastructure amenities. The Mission recommends fourteen desirable components for an ideal Rurban cluster.

8. What are the 14 desirable components recommended under the Mission?
The following components are envisaged as desirable components in each cluster: (i) Skill development training linked to economic activities (ii) Agro Processing, Agri Services, Storage and Warehousing. (iii) Fully equipped mobile health unit. (iv) Upgrading school /higher education facilities. (v) Sanitation (vi) Provision of piped water supply. (vii) Solid and liquid waste management. (viii) Village streets and drains. (ix) Street lights (x) Inter-village road connectivity. (xi) Public transport. (xii) LPG gas connections (xiii) Digital Literacy. (xiv) Citizen Service Centres- for electronic delivery of citizen centric services/e-gram connectivity. Components pertaining to agriculture and allied activities would be required to be given special emphasis while developing these clusters.

9 What would be the resource mobilisation pattern for this Mission?
  In order to achieve the envisaged outcomes, under NRuM, the State Government shall identify existing Central Sector, Centrally Sponsored and State Government Schemes relevant for the development of the cluster and converge their implementation in an integrated and time bound manner. Under the NRuM framework, Government of India shall provide Critical Gap Funding (CGF) to the clusters to supplement the shortfall in funding available through various Government schemes in achieving the outcomes desired for the cluster

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10. What is Critical Gap Funding?
  The project is envisaged to be funded through convergence of various Centrally Sponsored, Central Sector and State Government Schemes pertaining to the chosen components under the Mission. In addition to the scheme funds, Critical Gap Funding (CGF) is proposed to be provided through the Scheme funds to the clusters to bridge the gap posed by availability of scheme funds and fulfilling the development aspirations of the 'Rurban Cluster'. The CGF would be capped at 30% of the capital cost or Rs 30 crores whichever is lesser. The operations and maintenance expenses of the project will be recovered through user charges as per the user charges policy in the state with shortfall supported by the state budget.